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  • Green Building Timeline

    Posted by Greg Simon, Architect

    Green Building Timeline

    To wrap up this year’s National Energy Awareness Month, I want to reflect on a few milestones that celebrate the progress of energy efficiency in our built environment.  On any given day, our architects, engineers, and building science specialists work on complex projects that integrate a wide range of systems. Each discipline has to manage codes, policies, professional practices, and client demands that can change during the course of a project. We pride ourselves in being able to drive these advancements, not just keep up with them.

    The timeline below is a 40 year snapshot of the progress made in our building environment. Each milestone, large and small, builds on the others and reinforces the foundation for our future work.  Enjoy!

    1973
    OAPEC Oil Embargo

    The American Institute of Architects (AIA) forms the AIA Energy Committee

    1974
    Wayne Schick and his team at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign developed a super insulated building prototype called the ‘Lo-Cal house’.  In addition to increased insulation in the building’s envelope, this project utilized air-to-air heat exchangers and documented the benefits of air-tight construction.

    1976
    The U.S. Department of Energy‘s Weatherization Assistance Program was created by the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1976. This program promoted the benefits of reducing air leakage in building envelopes.

    1977
    The US Department of Energy (DOE) creates the Solar Energy Research Institute.

    The Saskatchewan Conservation House in Regina, Canada was built to showcase the ability of super-insulated envelope construction.  It provided space heating through ventilation air and a minimized air-to-air heat exchange system.

    1979
    The Carter administration approves the installation of 32 solar panels on the White House.

    Edward Mazria publishes The Passive Solar Energy Book.

    1982
    The first small-scale prototype solar draft tower was built in Manzanares, Spain.

    1986
    The Reagan administration removes the solar panels from the White House.

    1988
    Bo Adamson and Wolfgang Feist begin to develop European ‘Passive Haus’ standard

    1989
    Bob Berkebile and the AIA create the AIA Committee on the Environment (AIA/COTE)

    1990
    The first European Passive Haus is built in Kranichstein, Germany.  This house demonstrated a 60-70% reduction in overall energy use as compared to a code baseline building at that time.  At the same time, the BREEAM building energy efficiency rating system is launched in Europe.  Today this program has over 250,000 registered buildings in its portfolio.

    1991
    The Solar Energy Research Institute becomes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    1992
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Act of 1992 is written.

    The Energy Star program is launched by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

    1993
    United States Green Building Council (USGBC) is formed.

    The ‘Greening of the White House’

    1996
    Passivhaus-Institut was founded in Darmstadt, Germany.

    1997
    The Whole Building Design Guide is developed through a collaborative effort between federal agencies, private sector companies, non-profit organizations and educational institutions.  It is managed by the National Institute of Building Sciences.  (NIBS)

    2000
    The USGBC launches its Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program.

    2002
    The World Green Building Council is created by David Gottfried, the founder of the USGBC.

    The first DOE Solar Decathlon is held on the Mall in Washington, DC.

    Architecture 2030 was created in conjunction with Edward Mazria to push building construction toward carbon neutrality (using no fossil fuel GHG emitting energy to operate) by 2030.

    2003
    The Klingenberg/Smith house is constructed in Urbana, IL.  Considered the first U.S built home to meet the German PassivHaus standard

    2006
    The Living Building Challenge is introduced by the Cascadia Green Building Council

    2007
    The Passive House U.S. (PHIUS) program is started in Urbana, IL.

    2009
    The International Living Building Institute is created by the Cascadia Green Building Council to manage the Living Building Challenge program

    2010
    The International Green Construction Code v1.0 is released.

    2011
    The Obama administration approves the installation of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels on the White House.

    2013
    The first transcontinental solar powered flight is completed in the United States without a drop of fuel.

    Category: Design